5 pediatric dental issues that every parent needs to know
Roma, a 7-year-old girl, used to treat herself to chocolates, ice-cream, and candies every day and refused to brush regularly. When her tooth started aching, a visit to the dentist confirmed that Roma’s teeth have cavity. And he also advised her to avoid sugary foods.
Dental diseases are common among children of all ages. According to the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Mamata Dental College Khammam, Telangana India, dental caries in both primary dentition and permanent dentition was 64.2% and 26.6%, respectively. Teaching your children good dental care habits like regular brushing and flossing can go a long way toward preventing many kinds of dental problems. Dental problems, not only cause agony and discomfort but can also affect the child’s overall health and nutrition status.
There can be several causes of dental problems in children. Here are 5 pediatric dental issues that every parent needs to know about:
Tooth decay: Tooth decay is the breakdown, or destruction of tooth enamel (the hard, outer surface of a tooth). Tooth decay can lead to cavities (caries) or holes in the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to severe infection of the tooth which can give rise to continuous pain, swelling and eventually lead to loss of the affected tooth.
Thumb sucking: Most kids develop their own little habits, like thumb sucking. But thumb sucking can put pressure on tiny teeth and start pushing them forward, which may lead to braces or tooth removal.
Gingivitis: Children can be at risk of developing a gum disease for practicing poor oral hygiene. Plaque and tartar are the contributing factors to periodontal disease which causes the gum line to swell and become sore. Indicators of gum disease may be bad breath, a bad taste in the mouth, or bleeding gums especially after flossing.
Tooth sensitivity: A child may suffer from sensitive teeth due to the grinding of teeth, poor oral hygiene, cavities, teeth eruption or cracked tooth. Dental treatments like teeth fillings or using braces can also make a child’s teeth sensitive and they may complain of dental pain.
Malocclusion: It is often referred to as misalignment of teeth is one of the common dental problem faced by children. This problem occurs when a child’s teeth are too crowded, overlapping or oddly shaped or positioned. There could be a variety of reasons causing malocclusion like thumb sucking, heredity, extended use of a pacifier, the shape of jaws, cleft palate or tongue thrusting.
Many of the common dental problems in children can be prevented by following simple preventive measures:
• Brush and flossing twice a day.
• Limit sugar intake
• Swish with mouthwash
• Use fluoride toothpaste
• Visit the dentist every six months
Oral Health remains a top concern for many parents. These dental problems can be prevented and treated by practicing oral hygiene and seeking help of professionals to avoid future dental problems. It is important to watch out for simple warning signs. Carengrow’s preventive healthcare program helps caregivers to identify the early signs of common dental problems in children and empowers them to take the necessary steps to minimize such issues.