Child Behavioral Modification Techniques in Schools
Shaileja is overwhelmingly loud and often back talks to her parents. She misbehaves and doesn’t mind using lies to get what she wants. Her parents feel completely helpless as she never follows their directions. Behavioral misconduct has become a common issue these days as we can find most of the parents being able to correlate with this story. Parents often come across this problem and are oblivious of how to deal with it. Behavioral modification can be the means to correct these behavioral deficiencies and instill discipline in children.
Behavioral modification implies to a therapy or a procedure to foster positive behavior and curb negative conduct. When we often find our little-ones misbehaving, whining, disrespecting, lying, defining, and being impulsive for no apparent reason that should raise a concern. In such a case, behavior alteration techniques can serve as a guide for parents, caretakers, and teachers to help identify the behavioral problem and take corrective actions. Parents, caretakers, and teachers can employ these modification techniques to promote acceptable or positive behavior.
Additionally, it can also be effectively employed to treat a behavioral disorder like Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and anxiety-related disorders.
Behavioral modification techniques are used to strengthen positive behavior:
Positive reinforcement: This technique involves using rewards to promote positive conduct in a child. Rewards and praise can foster constructive behavior in the children as they understand what is acceptable. A teacher rewarding a child for getting good grades can be a good example of positive reinforcement
Positive punishment: This is another behavior modification procedure adopted to curb an undesirable behavior in a child. Unacceptable conduct is followed by punishment or an aversive outcome. To explain this clearly let’s use an example. When a child does not finish his work assignment on time, he gets scolded by the teacher.
Negative reinforcement: This form of reinforcement involves fostering desirable behavior by removing negative consequences. It is done to reduce the frequency of unwanted conduct. A child cleaning up her room to avoid getting a scolding from her mother could be a good example of negative reinforcement.
Negative punishment: This method involves taking away certain perks or benefits from the child to restrict the occurrence of negative behavior exhibited by him/her. A child who is not allowed to watch TV for not doing his homework can illustrate a negative punishment. Or a child who misbehaved in the class is not allowed to participate in the activity he enjoys, could be another good instance for this kind of behavioral alteration technique.
Extinction: This is another therapy where the offending behavior is completely ignored with an intention to curb the impulse/desire to carry on the undesirable behavior or to reduce its recurrence. When a child throws tantrums to seek the attention of his parents and they totally ignore him to discourage his behavior, could be an example.
Adopting these techniques is essential to correct behavioral issues in a child so that they do not face issues later in life. Carengrow’s preventive health care services help to monitor children’s behavioral pattern and detect any related deficiencies in time and help caregivers inculcate right behavior and attitude early in life.