Importance of Gross Motor Development in Early Childhood
Myra, a little girl, used to get a piggyback down the block to her bus stop every morning and back every afternoon. One day, because her father’s back was bothering him, she had to walk to the bus stop. He couldn’t believe, how much she complained and how tired she was. He then and there decided to change his routine from piggy backs to walks to the bus stop every day. Now, they even sometimes race each other on the way back home. Soon he realized that the easiest way to ensure our kids get gross motor exercise is to walk them to or from school.
Gross motor skills are the actions that involve movement and coordination of the large muscles of the body for standing, walking, running, sitting upright and other activities. The moment a child is born, the development of gross motor skills begins. These skills continue to develop and improve as they grow. With each new milestone, child’s body reaches the physical ability to perform certain tasks.
Preschool age is the most important time to acquire and practice gross motor skills. Encouraging gross motor activity in early childhood. Well-developed gross motor skill helps our child to build balance, speed, and endurance. A child can suffer from development delays if these skills are not practiced at the right age. It is found that more than one third of extremely premature and underweight babies have cerebral palsy or other motor impairments that can make it hard for them to do basic things like ride a bike or use a fork. Reasons why gross motor skills are essential for a child:
Develop strength and endurance
Strength and endurance help children to build strong muscles. Muscular strength helps the child to maintain good posture. Which helps to perform everyday functions like skipping, running, carrying school bags and so on. Also, the child with good strength has strong tendons, ligaments which help to reduce the risk of serious injury. It improves a child’s metabolism.
By encouraging children to participate in games with other children will help them to master their gross motor skills. This improves their ability to approach the basic task with confidence. Also helps to improve their confidence and self-esteem.
Physical activity is crucial for healthy growth and development of a child. It helps to practice and perfect the large and small body movement of the body. It improves concentration and increases the cognitive development of a child. Thereby leading to better academic performance.
Gross motor activities help the child to lay the foundation for school skills which can improve gross motor skills like reading, writing, following instructions, teamwork.
Children need to be active for their healthy growth and development. Activities to encourage motor development in children:
2. Jumping rope
3. Playing hopscotch
4. Catching balls of different sizes
5. Pedal tricycles
Last, but certainly not least, by working on gross motor development in school and at home, the child is able to lead a healthy lifestyle. Carengrow’s preventive health care system performs routine screening to identify developmental delays in children and help them be active, be social and discover that movement is FUN.